Figure 1: Male Participants' Minimum Preferred Partner Age as Compared to the but the gap between reports of what is socially acceptable and the rule itself. The story of how Penske's Ilmor-Mercedes engine for the Indy went Clive Howell was the team manager and Karl Kainhofer - one of Penske's first. One of the best ways to describe the difference between the 2 series is that IndyCars is a 'spec series', where all the cars are the same, come from the same .
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Indianapolis [ edit ] Mario left and his brother Aldo right at pole day for the Indianapolis Andretti won once at the Indianapolis in 29 attempts. Andretti has had so many incidents and near victories at the track that critics have dubbed the family's performance after Mario's Indianapolis victory the " Andretti Curse ".
The race is notable as it is the only Indy in history where the winning driver ran the whole race on only 1 set of tires. Between his victory in the race and , Andretti dropped out of the races due to part failures or crashes. His luck seemed to turn around in Andretti finished second in the Indianapolis by eight seconds behind Bobby Unser. The following day Unser was penalized one lap for passing cars under a caution flag, and Andretti was declared the winner.
Unser and his car owner Roger Penske appealed the race stewards' decision. At the start of the Indianapolis , second-year driver Kevin Cogan, teammate to polesitter Rick Mears , suddenly spun right when accelerating for the green flag. Cogan bounced off A. Foyt, slamming Foyt's steering rod. That contact turned Cogan's car left at a 90 degree angle to the field where he was promptly t-boned by Mario. Andretti was livid and engaged in a shoving match with Cogan before walking off. In an interview, 3 minutes after the wreck, an irked Andretti was heard saying "This is what happens when you have children doing a man's job up front.
In later years, Johncock pointed out that Andretti had jumped the start, and could have avoided the spinning car of Cogan had he been lined up properly in the second row next to Gordy.
Immediately after completing the pass, Sullivan spun in front of Andretti. A caution for the spin, minimized the time Sullivan would lose to Andretti by pitting to replace 20 laps later Sullivan took the lead for good when he passed Andretti without incident. Andretti dominated the Indianapolis , leading of the first laps of the race.
His lead was so large, that he was advised to slow his pace to preserve his equipment. Andretti accelerated off of turn three for the restart at the end of the 83rd lap. Under acceleration, Mario's car got loose in the middle of turn four and rotated degrees to smash nose first into the wall. Andretti was taken to the hospital with 6 of his toes broken and would shortly be joined by his son Jeff Andretti who smashed both legs after a wheel came loose on his race car on the th lap of the race.
Mario would only miss one race due to his injuries, and returned to run 6th in a race just four weeks after his crash. The Indianapolis was Andretti's last notable run, and he had just come off a victory at Phoenix. On pole day, Andretti was the first car to complete a qualifying run, and sat on the provisional pole position.
Andretti's speed held up all afternoon, but with less than an hour to go, Arie Luyendyk topped his speed, and took the pole. On race day, Andretti was a factor most of the afternoon, leading the most laps While leading on lap , Andretti was penalized for entering the pits while they were closed. A stop-and-go penalty dropped him only down to second place. In the final 50 laps, he began developing handling problems because of his tires, and slid down the standings to finish 5th.
Andretti's last race at Indy was the Indianapolis One of the team's regular drivers, Tony Kanaan, suffered a radial fracture of his arm a week earlier in an April 15 crash at Motegi. If Kanaan was not cleared to drive in enough time, tentative plans were being prepared for Andretti to qualify the car for him.
He would turn the car over to Kanaan on race day, though no plans had been made for Andretti to actually drive in the race. During the test, Andretti ran at competitive speeds, but running over debris saw his car becoming airborne and the attempt ended with a spectacular crash.
Andretti was able to walk away from the wreck with just a minor cut on his chin. This was Andretti's last significant on-track activity at Indianapolis.
In early sportscar races he competed for the Holman Moody team, but later often drove for Ferrari. He signed with Ferrari in , and won several races with co-driver Jacky Ickx. He also competed in the popular North American Can-Am series in the late s and early s. They retired after their car dropped a valve at As Andretti passed under the Dunlop Bridge before the Esses, he touched his brake pedal for the first time since leaving the pits.
The wreckage slid to a stop with Andretti badly shaken, the car sideways to oncoming traffic and the track nearly blocked. McCluskey pulled Andretti to safety, and Andretti was taken to hospital for x-rays. In , he partnered with son Michael in a Mirage M12 Ford. His first World Championship was confirmed with a third-place finish at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza; Lauda's teammate Regazzoni won the race and Ferrari clinched their first Constructors' Championship in 11 years; Lauda then picked up a fifth win at the last race of the year, the United States GP at Watkins Glen.
Lauda famously gave away any trophies he won to his local garage in exchange for his car to be washed and serviced. By the time of his fifth win of the year at the British GP , he had more than double the points of his closest challengers Jody Scheckter and James Hunt , and a second consecutive World Championship appeared a formality. It would be a feat not achieved since Jack Brabham 's victories in and He also looked set to win the most races in a season, a record held by the late Jim Clark since Most of the other drivers voted against the boycott and the race went ahead.
On 1 August during the second lap at the very fast left kink before Bergwerk, Lauda was involved in an accident where his Ferrari swerved off the track, hit an embankment, burst into flames and made contact with Brett Lunger 's Surtees - Ford car.
Unlike Lunger, Lauda was trapped in the wreckage. Drivers Arturo Merzario , Lunger, Guy Edwards and Harald Ertl arrived at the scene a few moments later, but before they were able to pull Lauda from his car, he suffered severe burns to his head and inhaled hot toxic gases that damaged his lungs and blood. As Lauda was wearing a modified helmet, the foam had compressed and it slid off his head after the accident, leaving his face exposed to the fire. He chose to limit reconstructive surgery to replacing the eyelids and getting them to work properly.
Since the accident he has always worn a cap to cover the scars on his head. He has arranged for sponsors to use the cap for advertising. With Lauda out of the contest, Carlos Reutemann was taken on as his replacement. Return to racing[ edit ] Lauda missed only two races, appearing at the Monza press conference six weeks after the accident with his fresh burns still bandaged.
He finished fourth in the Italian GP , despite being, by his own admission, absolutely petrified. F1 journalist Nigel Roebuck recalls seeing Lauda in the pits, peeling the blood-soaked bandages off his scarred scalp. He also had to wear a specially adapted crash helmet so as to not be in too much discomfort. In Lauda's absence, Hunt had mounted a late charge to reduce Lauda's lead in the World Championship standings.
Hunt and Lauda were friends away from the circuit, and their personal on-track rivalry, while intense, was cleanly contested and fair. Lauda qualified third, one place behind Hunt, but on race day there was torrential rain and Lauda retired after two laps. He later said that he felt it was unsafe to continue under these conditions, especially since his eyes were watering excessively because of his fire-damaged tear ducts and inability to blink.
Hunt led much of the race before his tires blistered and a pit stop dropped him down the order. He recovered to third, thus winning the title by a single point. Lauda's previously good relationship with Ferrari was severely affected by his decision to withdraw from the Japanese Grand Prix, and he endured a difficult season , despite easily winning the championship through consistency rather than outright pace.
Lauda disliked his new teammate, Reutemann, who had served as his replacement driver. Lauda was not comfortable with this move and felt he had been let down by Ferrari. It suffered from a variety of troubles that forced Lauda to retire the car 9 out of 14 races. Lauda's best results, apart from the wins in Sweden and Italy after the penalization of Mario Andretti and Gilles Villeneuve, were 2nd in Montreal and Great Britain, and a 3rd in the Netherlands.
As the Alfa flat engine was too wide for effective wing cars designs, Alfa provided a V12 for It was the fourth 12cyl engine design that propelled the Austrian in F1 since Lauda's F1 season was again marred by retirements and poor pace, even though he won the non-championship Dino Ferrari Grand Prix with the Brabham-Alfa. After that, Brabham returned to the familiar Cosworth V8. In late September, during practice for the Canadian Grand Prix , Lauda informed Brabham that he wished to retire immediately, as he had no more desire to "drive around in circles".
Lauda, who in the meantime had founded Lauda Air, a charter airline, returned to Austria to run the company full-time. In Lauda returned to racing. After a successful test with McLaren , the only problem was in convincing then team sponsor Marlboro that he was still capable of winning.
Lauda proved he was when, in his third race back, he won the Long Beach Grand Prix.
Lauda, who in the meantime had founded Lauda Air, a charter airline, returned to Austria to run the company full-time. I feel I could win the argument with just Ferrari He recovered to third, thus winning the title by a single point.